Footnotes:
"Introduction to Activistic Atheism"
"Discussing Atheism With Others"

1.  Jon Murray and Madalyn Murray O'Hair, All the Questions You Ever Wanted to Ask American Atheists: With All the Answers (1982 ed.) vol. ii., p. 18.

2.  Douglas E. Krueger, What Is Atheism? (1998), p. 161.

3.  Read "The Presumption of Atheism" by Antony Flew, from his 1984 book God Freedom and Immorality: A Critical Analysis.

4.  David Hume, An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding (1748) Section X. "Of Miracles." Part I.

5.  David Hume, An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding (1748) Section X. "Of Miracles." Part I.

6.  Michel Eyquem, seigneur de Montaigne, Essais (1588) Liv. iii. c. 11. Quoted by William E. H. Lecky, Rationalism in Europe (r. 1878) vol. i., p. 112. (See the passage in question.)

7.  Kevin Courcey, R.N., "'Acupuncture Goes Mainstream' Article Perpetrates Fraud" (1998). (Posted on Positive Atheism.)

8.  The James Randi Educational Foundation.

9.  Michael Shermer, Why People Believe Weird Things (1997) "How Thinking Goes Wrong" p. 20. (See the passage in question.)

10.  Joseph Lewis, "The Philosophy of Atheism" (Address delivered February 20, 1960, over radio station WIME, Miami, Florida). (See the passage in question.) Also, Joseph Lewis, "Atheism," in Atheism and Other Addresses (1930) book not paginated. (See the passage in question.) Also, Joseph Lewis, "An Atheist Speaks Out" published by Haldeman-Julius in Little Blue Book 1599.

11.  Francis Crick, What Mad Pursuit (1988) "How I Got Inclined Towards Atheism."

12.  Douglas E. Krueger, What Is Atheism? (1998) p. 129.

13.  George H. Smith, Atheism: The Case Against God (1979, r. 1989) p. 29; Chapter 2, "The Concept of God."

14.  George H. Smith, Atheism: The Case Against God (1979, r. 1989) p. 30; Chapter 2, "The Concept of God."

15.  William T. Blackstone, The Problem of Religious Knowledge (1963), p. 2. Quoted from George H. Smith, Atheism: The Case Against God (1979, r. 1989) p. 30.

16.  Theodore M. Drange, Nonbelief and Evil: Two Arguments for the Nonexistence of God (1998), pp. 74-80.

17.  Alfred Jules Ayer, Language, Truth and Logic (1935, r. 1946), p. 115. Quoted from George H. Smith, Atheism: The Case Against God (1979, r. 1989) p. 30.

18.  Source Unknown. (Posted on Positive Atheism's Big List of Quotes.)

19.  Richard R. La Croix, What Is God?, essays edited by Kenneth G. Lucey (1993), p. 181. Drange continues: "La Croix is not here claiming that 'God exists' is meaningless, only that those who discuss the issue of its truth or falsity should first discuss what it means and make sure that they all mean the same thing by it."

20.  Theodore M. Drange, Nonbelief and Evil: Two Arguments for the Nonexistence of God (1998), p. 77.

21.  Michael Martin, Atheism: A Philosophical Justification (1990), p. 77.

22.  Theodore M. Drange, Nonbelief and Evil: Two Arguments for the Nonexistence of God (1998), p. 77.

23.  Based on C. Dennis McKinsey, The Encyclopedia of Biblical Errancy (1995) ch. 23, p. 464-67, "Closed-Mindedness." (Chapter section posted on Positive Atheism.)

24.  Paul, in Colossians 2:4 (King James Version).

25.  Paul, in I Timothy 6:20 (King James Version).

26.  Paul, in Titus 3:10-11 (New International Version).

27.  Jesus, in Matthew 7:15 (Revised Standard Version).

28.  Jesus, in Matthew 24:24 (New American Standard Bible).

29.  Paul, in I Timothy 6:3-5 (Revised Standard Version).

The doctrine in question here -- the doctrine that one is not to be "teaching otherwise" -- is Christianity's blatant endorsement of the institution of slavery (I Timothy 6:1-2).

Note that the newer translations appear to disguise or omit the connection of this passage to the slavery passage: "If anyone teaches false doctrines..." (New International Version) and less blatantly, "If anyone advocates a different doctrine..." (New American Standard Bible). Most of the major translations contain the word otherwise to refer back to the slavery passage.

30.  John, in I John 2:27 (New International Version).

31.  Jesus, in Matthew 4:7, quoting Deuteronomy 6:16 (New International Version).

32.  Paul, in Romans 9:20, possibly referring to (but not exactly quoting) similar sentiments contained in Isaiah 29:16 and Isaiah 45:9 (New International Version).

33.  Paul, in I Corinthians 2:7 (Revised Standard Version).

34.  Paul, in I Corinthians 1:20-21 (New International Version).

35.  Paul, in I Corinthians 1:27 (New International Version).

36.  Paul, in I Corinthians 3:18-20 (New American Standard Bible).

37.  "Justice Antonin Scalia: Proud to be a Cretin," Associated Press, April 10, 1996.

38.  Paul, in I Corinthians 4:10 (King James Version).

39.  C. Dennis McKinsey, The Encyclopedia of Biblical Errancy (1995) p. 466. (Chapter section posted on Positive Atheism.)

40.  Tertullian (160?-230?), De Carne Christi (On Christ's Flesh), chap. v.

41.  Quoted in Jeff Dee, "The Glorification of Ignorance" and other writings. We were unable to track down Luther's original work as of this writing.

42.  Jesus, in Matthew 28:19 (Revised Standard Version).

43.  Paul, in II Timothy 3:12 (New International Version).

44.  Jesus, in Luke 14:23 (King James Version).

Other versions use "compel" or "constrain" (Young's Literal Translation) except, of course, the New International Version, which softens the impact considerably, saying, "make them come in."

45.  Jesus, in John 15:6 (King James Version).

Almost all newer translations soften the impact of this passage by omitting the word men from the phrase "men gather them." Some translations go out of their way to specify that it is the branches that are gathered, leaving no room for this to be interpreted that it is the heretics that are gathered -- even though the heretics are symbolized by the branches in this parable.