Positive Atheism's
Frequently Asked Questions

Footnotes: Introduction

Graphic Rule

46.  Max Karl Ernst Ludwig Planck (1858-1947), The Philosophy of Physics (1936) p. 97. Quoted from Michael Shermer, Why People Believe Weird Things (1997) "How Thinking Goes Wrong" p. 60.

47.  Thomas Paine, Answer To The Bishop Of Llandaff, "Cabalism."

48.  Example from Michael Shermer, Why People Believe Weird Things (1997) "How Thinking Goes Wrong" p. 20.

49.  Theodore M. Drange, Nonbelief and Evil: Two Arguments for the Nonexistence of God, Appendix E, "The Very Concept of an Afterlife," pp. 364-77. Material discussed is from p. 365.

50.  Carl Sagan, The Demon-Haunted World: Science as a Candle in the Dark (1995), ch. 12, "The Fine Art of Baloney Detection," p. 213.

51.  David Finkelstein, lecture, University of California at Monterrey, March 31, 1979. Quoted in Robert Anton Wilson, The New Inquisition (1987) p. 101.

52.  Carl Sagan, The Demon-Haunted World: Science as a Candle in the Dark (1995), ch. 12, "The Fine Art of Baloney Detection," p. 215.

53.  Robert Anton Wilson, The New Inquisition (1987) pp. 62, 79.

54.  Alcoholics Anonymous (1939, r. 1976) p. 44. See also "Alcoholics Anonymous: A Religion in Denial by Cliff Walker.

55.  Michael Shermer, Why People Believe Weird Things (1997) "How Thinking Goes Wrong" p. 20. (See the passage in question.)

56.  Molleen Matsumura, "Evolution, Creationism, and Science Education: Answers to Ten Common Questions," a National Center for Science Education pamphlet.

57.  Carl Sagan, The Demon-Haunted World: Science as a Candle in the Dark (1995), ch. 12, "The Fine Art of Baloney Detection," p. 215.

58.  Carl Sagan, The Demon-Haunted World: Science as a Candle in the Dark (1995), ch. 12, "The Fine Art of Baloney Detection," p. 215.

59.  Jesus, in Matthew 12:30.

60.  Popular Twelve Step slogan.

61.  Carl Sagan, The Demon-Haunted World: Science as a Candle in the Dark (1995), ch. 12, "The Fine Art of Baloney Detection," pp. 210.

62.  Carl Sagan, The Demon-Haunted World: Science as a Candle in the Dark (1995), ch. 12, "The Fine Art of Baloney Detection," pp. 210, footnote.

63.  Carl Sagan, The Demon-Haunted World: Science as a Candle in the Dark (1995), ch. 12, "The Fine Art of Baloney Detection," pp. 215-16.

64.  Michael Shermer, Why People Believe Weird Things (1997) p. 58.

65.  Joseph Lewis, An Atheist Manifesto (1954), p. 56.

66.  Michael Shermer, Why People Believe Weird Things (1997) p. 58.

67.  Michael Shermer, Why People Believe Weird Things (1997) p. 58.

68.  Carl Sagan, The Demon-Haunted World: Science as a Candle in the Dark (1995), ch. 12, "The Fine Art of Baloney Detection," pp. 215.

68a.  Garrett Hardin, interview by Frank Meile, "Living Within Limits & Limits on Living: Garrett Hardin on Ecology, Economy, and Ethics," Sceptic, Vol. 4., No. 2, 1996, pp.42-46.

69.  Michael Shermer, Why People Believe Weird Things (1997) p. 53.

70.  Michael Shermer, Why People Believe Weird Things (1997) p. 53.

71.  Carl Sagan, The Demon-Haunted World: Science as a Candle in the Dark (1995), ch. 12, "The Fine Art of Baloney Detection," p. 215 footnote.

72.  Carl Sagan, The Demon-Haunted World: Science as a Candle in the Dark (1995), ch. 12, "The Fine Art of Baloney Detection," pp. 214.

73.  Robert Green Ingersoll, "Trial of C. B. Reynolds for Blasphemy: Address to the Jury" (May 20, 1887), from The Works of Robert G. Ingersoll vol. xi., p. 91.

74.  Theodore Schick, Jr. and Lewis Vaughn, How to Think About Weird Things (1995), Appendix: "Informal Fallacies," p. 290-1.

75.  The Myth of the Atheistic Barber.

76.  Theodore Schick, Jr. and Lewis Vaughn, How to Think About Weird Things (1995), Appendix: "Informal Fallacies," p. 290-1.

77.  "Stairway to Heaven" by Led Zeppelin.

78.  Paul, in I Peter 3:15, says: "Always be prepared to give an answer to everyone who asks you to give the reason for the hope that you have."

79.  Michael Shermer, Why People Believe Weird Things (1997) p. 56.

80.  "Theodore Schick, Jr. and Lewis Vaughn, How to Think About Weird Things (1995), Appendix: "Informal Fallacies," p. 290.

81.  Encarta 98 Desk Encyclopedia, article, "Pythagoras."

82.  Aristotle, On the Heavens, Book II, Chapter 14.

83.  Microsoft Encarta 98 Encyclopedia, article "Eratosthenes."

84.  Robert J. Schadewald, The Flat-Earth Bible.

85.  As I write this portion, the conservative newspaper Washington Times of August 12, 1999, reports the following in an article by Larry Witham, called "Evolution Takes a Hit in Kansas Schools":

"The Kansas State Board of Education yesterday adopted the most anti-evolution science education standards in the nation....

"The 100-page document also excludes mention of the age of the Earth or universe, suggesting the standards allow schools leeway to teach a young Earth and universe of 10,000 years old, a viewpoint of so-called 'creation science.'"

In other words, a teacher in Kansas is not allowed to teach students that "Radiometric dating has enabled scientists to arrive at an estimate of 4.65 billion years for the age of the earth (see Dating Methods). Although the oldest earth rocks dated this way are not quite 4 billion years old, meteorites, which correlate geologically with the earth's core, give dates of about 4.5 billion years, and crystallization of the core and meteorites is considered to have occurred at the same time, some 150 million years after the earth and solar system first formed (see Solar System: Theories of Origin)." Microsoft Encarta 98 Encyclopedia, article "Earth."

86.  1492. "How could Columbus have discovered America when there were people already living here?" (Abbie Hoffman, "Wake Up America!" an LP by Abbie Hoffman and the Joint Chiefs of Staff.)

"Before dawn on October 12 land was sighted, and early in the morning the expedition landed on Guanahani, an island in the Bahamas. Before an audience of uncomprehending islanders, Columbus claimed that, by right of conquest, their island now belonged to Spain and renamed it San Salvador ('Holy Savior')." (Microsoft Encarta 98 Encyclopedia, article "Christopher Columbus.")

87.  Galileo, 1564-1642.

88.  Actually, Magellan himself was killed in what was later called the Philippines on April 27, 1521, while defending the withdrawal of his landing party. However, his ship and crew completed the journey.

89.  Microsoft Encarta 98 Encyclopedia, article "Galileo."

90.  Coverage of "The Jesus-Chalk Hoax" is posted in Positive Atheism's Letters Index.

91.  70 Years of Miracles by Richard H. Harvey (Beaverlodge, Alberta, Canada: Horizon House, 1977).

92.  William E. H. Lecky, Rationalism in Europe (r. 1878), vol. I., p. 168, referring to Conyers Middleton (1683-1750), Free Inquiry Into Miracles (1748). (See the passage in question.)

93.  John Young, "Hoaxes Are Religious Right Cottage Industry," Cox News Service, Tacoma News-Tribune, August 24, 1995.

94.  John Young, "Hoaxes Are Religious Right Cottage Industry," Cox News Service, Tacoma News-Tribune, August 24, 1995.

95.  Rob Boston, "Consumer Alert: WallBuilders' Shoddy Workmanship" in Church & State Magazine, July-August, 1996.

See also the remarks by Rep. Scarborough of Florida, in "House Resolution On Decalogue Passes" from the Congressional Record (March 5, 1997), prepared by Cliff Walker.

96.  Rob Boston, "Consumer Alert: WallBuilders' Shoddy Workmanship" in Church & State Magazine, July-August, 1996.

97.  Rob Boston, "Consumer Alert: WallBuilders' Shoddy Workmanship" in Church & State Magazine, July-August, 1996.

98.  See a collection of articles on the Religious Liberty Protection Act from American Atheists.

Graphic Rule